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Chess 106

This is the last marking period and indeed the last time I will be doing this project. It has been a great three years, but it is coming to an end. I decided to write an entirely new proposal due to how drastically different this project is from the last. I plan to work with Jude once again. However, we will likely not be playing another game from scratch. We will be playing-out famous chess games in order of better our understanding of the game. We will first print out a move by move sheet of famous chess games. Then, we will playing out the chess game; move by move. Thirdly, we will take the chess game back to a spot that represents a type of chess position with which we both struggle. We will consult the sheet constantly, but not until after the move. That way, we will learn the general chess concepts that at first, we did not understand. We will need a chess board, a computer, a printer, ink, chess pieces and a good night's sleep. After the process has been completed, we will do so again until we can play the game from scratch. After we get to that point, we will find another chess game to regenerate and repeat the process. Every day, I plan to work diligently. Whenever I find myself off task, I will remind myself that I am trying to get a better understanding of the great chess games and to assume some of their best characteristic to assume into my own game. They say there is no better way to learn than to learn from the best. Here are the chess games we will replay; The Immortal Game with Anderssen vs Kieseritzy, Game of the Century with Bobby Fischer vs Donald Byrne, Famous Chess Game with Kasparov vs Topalov. The following 15 chess games will include each game; move by move.
15. Siegbert Tarrasch – Allies, annotation by Reinfeld
  1. f4
  2. d5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. c5
  5. 3. e3
  6. Nc6
  7. 4. Bb5
  8. Bd7
  9. 5. O-O
  10. e6
  11. 6. b3
  12. Qc7
  13. 7. Bb2
  14. f6
  15. 8. c4
  16. Nce7
  17. 9. Nc3
  18. Nh6
  19. 10. Rc1
  20. Bxb5
  21. 11. Nxb5
  22. Qd7
  23. 12. Qe2
  24. Nc6
  25. 13. cxd5
  26. exd5
  27. 14. e4
  28. O-O-O
  29. 15. e5
  30. a6
  31. 16. Nc3
  32. b5
  33. 17. a4
  34. b4
  35. 18. Nd1
  36. Kb7
  37. 19. exf6
  38. gxf6
  39. 20. Bxf6
  40. Re8
  41. 21. Ne3
  42. Rg8
  43. 22. Qd3
  44. Ng4
  45. 23. Nxg4
  46. Qxg4
  47. 24. Rf2
  48. Qd7
  49. 25. Ne5
  50. Nxe5
  51. 26. Bxe5
  52. Rc8
  53. 27. Qf3
  54. Kb6
  55. 28. d3
  56. Bh6
  57. 29. R2c2
  58. d4
  59. 30. a5+
  60. Kb5
  61. 31. Bc7

14. Alexander Steinkuehler – Joseph Henry Blackburne, annotation by Blackburne
  1. 1. e4 Notes by Blackburne.
  2. e5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. Nc6
  5. 3. Bc4
  6. Bc5
  7. 4. c3
  8. Nf6
  9. 5. d4
  10. exd4
  11. 6. cxd4
  12. Bb4+
  13. 7. Bd2
  14. Bxd2+
  15. 8. Nfxd2 A weak move. The other Knight ought to have taken.
  16. Nxd4
  17. 9. O-O
  18. d6
  19. 10. Nb3
  20. Nxb3
  21. 11. Qxb3
  22. O-O
  23. 12. Re1
  24. Nh5
  25. 13. e5
  26. Qg5
  27. 14. exd6
  28. Nf4
  29. 15. Bxf7+ This tempting but unsound move led to all his subsequent troubles.
  30. Kh8
  31. 16. g3
  32. cxd6
  33. 17. Nc3
  34. Nh3+
  35. 18. Kg2
  36. Qf6
  37. 19. Bd5
  38. Qxf2+
  39. 20. Kh1
  40. Qg1#
  41. 21. Rxg1
  42. Nf2+
  43. 22. Kg2
  44. Bh3#

13. Reuben Fine – Emanuel Lasker, annotation by Alekhine

  1. 1. d4 Notes by Alekhine
  2. d5
  3. 2. c4
  4. e6
  5. 3. Nf3
  6. Nf6
  7. 4. Nc3
  8. Be7
  9. 5. e3 A harmless continuation as Black can now enter on a variation of the Queen's Gambit Accepted with a tempo more. More aggressive, if White does not want to play the usual 5.Bg5 is even Bf4.
  10. O-O
  11. 6. Bd3
  12. dxc4
  13. 7. Bxc4
  14. c5
  15. 8. O-O
  16. a6 Black is obviously not content to equalise by ...Nc6 9.dxc5 Qxd1 etc.
  17. 9. Qe2 Of doubtful value. More correct was 9.Bd3 with the intention of answering 9...b5 by 10.dxc5, etc., thus forcing the position that occurred in the actual game.
  18. b5
  19. 10. Bd3
  20. Bb7 ? 10...Nbd7 in order to recapture with this Knight in case of ...dxc5 was more promising by far. After the text move White gets a slight positional advantage, which however does not endanger Black's game.
  21. 11. dxc5
  22. Bxc5
  23. 12. e4
  24. Nbd7 Intending to answer 13.e5 with Bxf3 14.gxf3 Nd5; etc. with welcome complications.
  25. 13. Bg5
  26. h6
  27. 14. Bh4
  28. b4 Weakening the position on the Q-side without necessity or equivalent. At move 14...Kh7 was sufficient to keep the balance of the position.
  29. 15. Na4
  30. Be7
  31. 16. Rfd1
  32. Nh5
  33. 17. Bxe7
  34. Qxe7
  35. 18. Rac1
  36. Ndf6 After this most unnatural move, which leaves the other Knight completely in the air. White's advantage becomes overwhelming. It is really hard to understand why Dr. Lasker rejected the natural 18...Nf4. The only plausible explanation is that he did not like after 19.Qe3 Nxd3 the possibility of 20.Rc7 (20...Rac8 with equality) and answering the move 20...Bc6. If 21.Rxc6 (or 21.Nb6 Nxb4; etc.) Nd7e5 22.Nxe5 Nxe5 23.Rc5 Rfd8 etc., he would emerge from the difficulties. The final phase, not altogether difficult, is played by Fine with his usual accuracy.
  37. 19. g3
  38. a5
  39. 20. Nc5
  40. Rfc8 After this White wins perforce. The only slight hope of defence was 20...g6, at least consolidating the position of the unfortunate Knight.
  41. 21. Nxb7
  42. Qxb7
  43. 22. Ne5
  44. Rxc1 Also 22...g6 23.Nc4 Qe7 24.e5 followed by Be4, etc., would not help.
  45. 23. Rxc1
  46. Rc8
  47. 24. Rxc8+
  48. Qxc8
  49. 25. Qc2 Decisive, as after the exchange the Black Knights would not be able to protect the Q-side Pawns.
  50. Qb7 He could resist a little longer by playing 25...Qd8 26.Qc5 etc.
  51. 26. Qc6
  52. Qa7
  53. 27. Qc8+
  54. Kh7
  55. 28. Nc6
  56. Qc5
  57. 29. e5+
  58. g6
  59. 30. exf6
  60. Nxf6
  61. 31. Qb7
  62. Kg8
  63. 32. Be2 If now 32...Qc1+ 33.Kg2 Qxb2 34.Nd8 etc.
  64. Nd5
  65. 33. Ne5

12. Aron Nimzowitsch – Georg Salwe, annotation by Nimzowitsch

  1. 1. e4 Notes by Nimzowitsch
  2. e6
  3. 2. d4
  4. d5
  5. 3. e5
  6. c5
  7. 4. c3
  8. Nc6
  9. 5. Nf3
  10. Qb6
  11. 6. Bd3 More natural would have been 6 Be2, for the pawn at d4 is the "base", and as such should be protected as thoroughly as possible. Be2 "protects" more thoroughly than Bd3.
  12. Bd7 A very plausible move. Since White still delays ...dxc5, Black intends his hand with ...Rc8. the right course was 6...csd4 7 cxd4 and thus to pass into quite other channels. See Paulsen-Tarrash, 1888 and Nimzowitsch-Tarrasch, 1912.
  13. 7. dxc5 !!
  14. Bxc5
  15. 8. O-O
  16. f6 Black swells in triumph and throws himself hungrily on the last remaining menber of the once so proud chain-family, top destroy him. His war cry is "Room for the e-pawn!" But it happens quite otherwise.
  17. 9. b4 In order to be able to provide his e5 with an enduring defence. 9 Qe2 would also have been a defence, but no enduring one, for there would follow 9...fxe5 10 Nxe5 Nxe5 11 Qxe5 Nf6 and the blockading queen at e5 will be easily driven away.
  18. Be7
  19. 10. Bf4
  20. fxe5 Again we have the exchange operation which we have so often discussed; this time however, it is not really justified, for the new blockader, the bishop at e5, proves to be a stout fellow.
  21. 11. Nxe5
  22. Nxe5
  23. 12. Bxe5
  24. Nf6 For the otherwise desirable ...Bf6 would fail against 13 Qh5+ g6 14 Bxg6+ hxg6 15 Qxg6+ Ke7 16 Bxf6+ Nxf6 17 Qg7+.
  25. 13. Nd2 If 13 Qc2? O-O 14 Bxf6 Rxf6 15 Bxh7+ Kh8 16 Bg6 (or Bd3) e5!, White it is true has won a pawn, but black has overcome the blockade, and now stands ready to march in the center. White should lose.
  26. O-O
  27. 14. Nf3 ! The blockading forces are to be reinforced by the knight.
  28. Bd6 14...Bb5 would yield little profit, for 15 Bd4 Qa6 16 Bxb5 Qxb5 17 Ng5 would win a pawn.
  29. 15. Qe2 The manouver 15 Bd4 Qc7 16 Qe2 might be considered with the intention of following with 17 Ne5. However, this plan to widen the blockading ring is impracticable, for, after 16 Qe2 Ng4!! 17 h3 e5!, the Black pawns assert themselves whatever counterchances be taken.
  30. Rac8
  31. 16. Bd4
  32. Qc7
  33. 17. Ne5 The immobility of the e-pawn is now greater than ever. White has utilized his resources very economically. The possibility of a successful occupation of the points d4, e5, hung on a hair, on taking advantage of the terrain (the points d4, e5, c2 and e2.
  34. Be8
  35. 18. Rae1
  36. Bxe5
  37. 19. Bxe5
  38. Qc6
  39. 20. Bd4 In order to force Black's queen bishop, who also has his eye on h5, to come to a decision.
  40. Bd7
  41. 21. Qc2 the decisive re-grouping.
  42. Rf7
  43. 22. Re3
  44. b6
  45. 23. Rg3
  46. Kh8
  47. 24. Bxh7 !
  48. e5 24...Nxh7 loses because of Qg6.
  49. 25. Bg6
  50. Re7
  51. 26. Re1
  52. Qd6
  53. 27. Be3
  54. d4
  55. 28. Bg5
  56. Rxc3
  57. 29. Rxc3
  58. dxc3
  59. 30. Qxc3
  60. Kg8
  61. 31. a3
  62. Kf8
  63. 32. Bh4
  64. Be8
  65. 33. Bf5
  66. Qd4
  67. 34. Qxd4
  68. exd4
  69. 35. Rxe7
  70. Kxe7
  71. 36. Bd3
  72. Kd6
  73. 37. Bxf6
  74. gxf6
  75. 38. Kf1
  76. Bc6
  77. 39. h4

11. Robert James Fischer – Julio Bolbochan, annotation by Fischer

  1. 1. e4 Notes by Bobby Fischer
  2. c5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. d6
  5. 3. d4
  6. cxd4
  7. 4. Nxd4
  8. Nf6
  9. 5. Nc3
  10. a6
  11. 6. h3
  12. Nc6
  13. 7. g4
  14. Nxd4
  15. 8. Qxd4
  16. e5
  17. 9. Qd3
  18. Be7 More accurate is 9...B-K3 immediately.--Fischer
  19. 10. g5
  20. Nd7
  21. 11. Be3
  22. Nc5
  23. 12. Qd2
  24. Be6
  25. 13. O-O-O
  26. O-O
  27. 14. f3
  28. Rc8
  29. 15. Kb1 Amateurs are often puzzled by this apparent loss of time. Actually it is a handy defensive move, getting out of the pin on the QB-file which could become annoying after ...P-QN4-5. One never knows when lightning will strike! -- Fischer
  30. Nd7
  31. 16. h4
  32. b5
  33. 17. Bh3
  34. Bxh3
  35. 18. Rxh3
  36. Nb6
  37. 19. Bxb6
  38. Qxb6
  39. 20. Nd5 White has a strategically won game; his Knight cannot be dislodged. -- Fischer
  40. Qd8
  41. 21. f4
  42. exf4
  43. 22. Qxf4
  44. Qd7
  45. 23. Qf5
  46. Rcd8
  47. 24. Ra3
  48. Qa7
  49. 25. Rc3
  50. g6
  51. 26. Qg4
  52. Qd7
  53. 27. Qf3
  54. Qe6
  55. 28. Rc7
  56. Rde8
  57. 29. Nf4
  58. Qe5
  59. 30. Rd5
  60. Qh8
  61. 31. a3
  62. h6
  63. 32. gxh6
  64. Qxh6
  65. 33. h5
  66. Bg5
  67. 34. hxg6
  68. fxg6
  69. 35. Qb3 The coup de grace.--Fischer
  70. Rxf4
  71. 36. Re5+
  72. Kf8
  73. 37. Rxe8+ Black resigns. After 37...KxR; 38 Q-K6+, K-B1; 39 Q-B8+ mates.--Fischer

10. Paul Keres – Kurt Paul Otto Joseph Richter, annotation by Alekhine

  1. 1. c4 Notes by Alekhine
  2. e5
  3. 2. Nc3
  4. Nf6
  5. 3. Nf3
  6. Nc6
  7. 4. d4
  8. exd4
  9. 5. Nxd4
  10. Bb4
  11. 6. Bg5
  12. h6
  13. 7. Bh4
  14. g5 Unexpected but a stroke that is characteristic of the German player
  15. 8. Bg3
  16. d6
  17. 9. Rc1 Better would have been 9.e3 or 9.f3
  18. Nxd4
  19. 10. Qxd4
  20. Bf5
  21. 11. h4 ? A considerable loss of time. 11.f3 would be better.
  22. Kd7 ! Intrepid and well inspired. If now 12.Be5 then 12...Bc5 13.Bxf6 Bxd4 14.Bxd8 Raxd8 with advantage to Black.
  23. 12. Rd1
  24. Ne4
  25. 13. Qe5
  26. Bxc3+
  27. 14. bxc3
  28. Nxg3
  29. 15. fxg3 Also after 15.Qxg3 b6 Black would have the better game.
  30. Bg6
  31. 16. hxg5
  32. Qxg5 At this moment White has some counter-attacking chances and Keres makes use of them with the ingenious spirit in which he specializes. This opportunity could be avoided by means of 16...hxg5 17.Rxh8 Qxh8 and White's disorganized pawnswould guarantee Black a good endgame.
  33. 17. Qf4
  34. Rae8
  35. 18. Rd5 ! Forcing the undoubling of one of the pawns.
  36. Qxf4
  37. 19. gxf4
  38. b6
  39. 20. Kf2
  40. h5
  41. 21. e3
  42. h4
  43. 22. Be2
  44. Be4
  45. 23. Rg5
  46. Reg8
  47. 24. Bg4+
  48. Kc6
  49. 25. Rxg8
  50. Rxg8
  51. 26. Rxh4
  52. Kc5
  53. 27. Bf3
  54. Bxf3
  55. 28. Kxf3
  56. Kxc4 In spite of all his efforts, the White king has not succeeded in counter-balancing all the advantages that his rival obtained in the opening. However, as we shall see later on, this advantage should not be decisive.
  57. 29. Rh7
  58. Rf8
  59. 30. g4
  60. Kxc3
  61. 31. Ke4
  62. c5
  63. 32. g5
  64. c4
  65. 33. Kd5
  66. Kb4
  67. 34. e4
  68. c3
  69. 35. Rh2
  70. Rc8
  71. 36. Rc2
  72. b5
  73. 37. f5
  74. a5
  75. 38. Kxd6 ? The decisive mistake. Instead of this unfortunate move, necessary was 38.Kd4 with good chances of salvation. Let us look at two principal variations: (a)38...Rg8 39.Rg2! c2 40.Rxc2 Rxg5 41.Kd5 Rg4 42.Re2 Kc3 43.Kxd6 Kd3 44.Rf2. (b)38...a4 39.Kd3 Ka3 40.Rxc3+ Rxc3+ 41.Kxc3 b4+ 42.Kd4 b3 43.g6
  76. Kc4
  77. 39. e5
  78. b4
  79. 40. Kd7
  80. Ra8
  81. 41. e6
  82. fxe6
  83. 42. f6
  84. a4
  85. 43. g6
  86. b3
  87. 44. axb3+
  88. axb3
  89. 45. Rxc3+
  90. Kxc3
  91. 46. f7
  92. b2
  93. 47. g7
  94. b1=Q
  95. 48. f8=Q
  96. Qb7+ ? Immediately decisive was 48...Qb5+ because if 49.Kxe6 then 49...Ra6+ winning in a few moves.
  97. 49. Kxe6
  98. Ra6+
  99. 50. Ke5
  100. Qb5+
  101. 51. Kf4
  102. Ra4+
  103. 52. Kg3
  104. Qd3+
  105. 53. Qf3
  106. Ra8
  107. 54. g8=Q
  108. Rxg8+ Here or on the previous move exchanging queens would have sufficed.
  109. 55. Kh2
  110. Rh8+
  111. 56. Kg1 A king that does not want to resign!
  112. Rg8+
  113. 57. Kh2
  114. Kc2
  115. 58. Qc6+
  116. Kd1
  117. 59. Qf3+
  118. Qe2+

9. Garry Kasparov – Anatoly Karpov, annotation by Kasparov

  1. 1. c4 I can look back at my chess career and pick out more than a few crisis points, but only one Mount Everest. I would like to share the tale to investigate the means I used in winning the most important game of my life. ... After a tough, prolonged defense I suffered one of the worst hallucinations of my career and blundered to a loss in game 23. Suddenly, Karpov was up by a point and was only a draw away from taking back the crown he had lost to me two years earlier. The very next day after this catastrophe, I had to take the white pieces into a must-win game 24. Caissa, the goddess of chess, had punished me for my conservative play, for betraying my nature. I would not be allowed to hold on to my title without winning a game in the second half of the match. Only once before in chess history had the champion won a final game to retain his title. With his back against the wall, Emanuel Lasker beat Carl Schlechter in the last game of their match in 1910. The win allowed Lasker to draw the match and keep his title for a further eleven years. The Austrian Schlechter had, like Karpov, a reputation as a defensive wizard. In fact, his uncharacteristically aggressive play in the final game against Lasker has led some historians to believe that the rules of that particular match required him to win by two points. When preparing for my turn on the other side of this situation, I recalled that critical encounter. What strategy should I employ with the white pieces in this must-win final game? There was more to think about than game 23 and game 24, of course. These were also games 119 and 120 between us, an extraordinary number of top-level encounters between the same two players, all played in a span of thirty-nine months. It felt like one long match, with this final game in December, 1987, the climax of what we had started in September 1984. My plan for the final game had to consider not only what I would like best but what my opponent would like least. And what could be more annoying for Karpov than my turning the tables and playing like Karpov?" -- Garry Kasparov, excerpt from "How Life Imitates Chess", 2007, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, ISBN: 1596913878.
  2. e6
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. Nf6
  5. 3. g3
  6. d5
  7. 4. b3
  8. Be7
  9. 5. Bg2
  10. O-O
  11. 6. O-O
  12. b6
  13. 7. Bb2
  14. Bb7
  15. 8. e3
  16. Nbd7
  17. 9. Nc3
  18. Ne4
  19. 10. Ne2
  20. a5
  21. 11. d3
  22. Bf6
  23. 12. Qc2
  24. Bxb2
  25. 13. Qxb2
  26. Nd6
  27. 14. cxd5
  28. Bxd5
  29. 15. d4
  30. c5
  31. 16. Rfd1
  32. Rc8
  33. 17. Nf4
  34. Bxf3
  35. 18. Bxf3
  36. Qe7
  37. 19. Rac1
  38. Rfd8
  39. 20. dxc5
  40. Nxc5
  41. 21. b4
  42. axb4
  43. 22. Qxb4
  44. Qa7
  45. 23. a3
  46. Nf5
  47. 24. Rb1
  48. Rxd1+
  49. 25. Rxd1
  50. Qc7
  51. 26. Nd3
  52. h6
  53. 27. Rc1
  54. Ne7
  55. 28. Qb5
  56. Nf5
  57. 29. a4
  58. Nd6
  59. 30. Qb1
  60. Qa7
  61. 31. Ne5 Seeing a chance to play for an attack, I moved my knight to the central e5 square, offering a pawn. Karpov took the bait and grabbed the pawn, a temptation that could have led to disaster. And he had to play quickly now, as it was still a long way to move 40, when, by the rules then in force, the game would be adjourned and more time added before continuation the next day. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  62. Nxa4
  63. 32. Rxc8+ I exchanged rooks, leaving me with queen, knight, and bishop against his queen and two knights. He had an extra pawn, but I had seen a tactical possibility that would give me a powerful attack. His pieces were dangerously uncoordinated, and his king was vulnerable. If I could penetrate into his position with my queen, I could exploit both of these factors at the same time. The question was where to move my queen on move 33. Karpov could only wait, knowing he would have to reply almost immediately or he wouldn't have enough time to make the next eight moves without losing on time. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  64. Nxc8
  65. 33. Qd1 Lost in thought, I was startled by a tap on my shoulder. The Dutch arbiter leaned over and said, "Mr. Kasparov, you have to write the moves." I had become so wrapped up in the game that I had forgotten to make note of the last two moves on my score sheet as required by the rules. The arbiter was of course correct to remind me of the regulations, but what a moment to be strict! Distracted, I played my queen to the wrong square. I missed a subtlety and failed to see why a different move with the same idea would have been stronger. My move gave Karpov a clever defense, and suddenly he was one move from reclaiming his title. But under pressure from the clock, he missed the best move (though our exchange of errors would not be discovered until well after the game), and the momentum was still with me. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  66. Ne7
  67. 34. Qd8+
  68. Kh7
  69. 35. Nxf7
  70. Ng6
  71. 36. Qe8
  72. Qe7
  73. 37. Qxa4
  74. Qxf7
  75. 38. Be4
  76. Kg8
  77. 39. Qb5
  78. Nf8
  79. 40. Qxb6 Karpov's best opportunity to defend had passed, and my forces surrounded the black king. I regained my sacrificed pawn with interest, and by the time we reached move 40, ending the time scramble, my position was clearly superior. The game was adjourned until the next day with the title still up in the air. It was going to be a long night. Getting a good night's sleep before the game had been wise, but now there was work to do. Thirteen pieces were still on the board, including queens, too much material for definitive endgame analysis. I had an extra pawn, but with such limited material, Karpov had definite chances of a draw. A lot of chess was still ahead. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  80. Qf6
  81. 41. Qb5
  82. Qe7
  83. 42. Kg2 The best news was that I could play this position forever, maneuvering around to provoke a mistake by my opponent. Black would be tied down on defense the entire time, and Karpov knew it. The prospect of such prolonged torture took its toll; I could see it in his eyes when he walked on the stage a few minutes after I did. His fatalistic expression told me that he had already lost the game psychologically, which boosted my confidence. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  84. g6 The maneuvering began. I remember being surprised when early on Karpov made a pawn push that my team and I had established as bad for black's defensive chances. Apparently Karpov and his team disagreed with our analysis, or perhaps it was a psychological error. Sometimes the hardest thing to do in a pressure situation is to allow the tension to persist. The temptation is to make a decision, any decision, even if it is an inferior choice. And Karpov's move made the position more concrete, reducing the level of uncertainty. But in my favor, his structure was now fixed, presenting me with clearer targets. Convinced of the quality of our analysis, I took Karpov's significant deviation from it as a mistake, not a potential improvement, further increasing my confidence. -- Kasparov, "How Life Imitates Chess"
  85. 43. Qa5
  86. Qg7
  87. 44. Qc5
  88. Qf7
  89. 45. h4
  90. h5
  91. 46. Qc6
  92. Qe7
  93. 47. Bd3
  94. Qf7
  95. 48. Qd6
  96. Kg7
  97. 49. e4
  98. Kg8
  99. 50. Bc4
  100. Kg7
  101. 51. Qe5+
  102. Kg8
  103. 52. Qd6
  104. Kg7
  105. 53. Bb5
  106. Kg8
  107. 54. Bc6
  108. Qa7
  109. 55. Qb4
  110. Qc7
  111. 56. Qb7
  112. Qd8
  113. 57. e5
  114. Qa5
  115. 58. Be8
  116. Qc5
  117. 59. Qf7+
  118. Kh8
  119. 60. Ba4
  120. Qd5+
  121. 61. Kh2
  122. Qc5
  123. 62. Bb3
  124. Qc8
  125. 63. Bd1
  126. Qc5
  127. 64. Kg2 After another ten moves of steady squeezing, I began to feel the win was in the bag. Karpov's pieces were pinned up against the wall, and a little more maneuvering would lead to decisive material gain. Later I heard that FIDE President Florencio Campomanes was busy calling a special meeting in another room to decide how to handle the closing ceremony, which was scheduled to be held on the same day. But it still looked as if this game could last forever; what was to be done? Two crises were averted at once when someone ran into the meeting room to announce, "Karpov resigned!" It was without question the loudest and longest standing ovation I had ever received outside my native country. The theater thundered as Spanish television cut from futbol to broadcast the conclusion of the match. I had done what Karpov had failed to do in 1985: won the final game and drawn the match to retain my title. This time I would have a good, long time to enjoy it. -- Garry Kasparov, excerpt from "How Life Imitates Chess", 2007, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, ISBN: 1596913878.

8. Emanuel Lasker – Jose Raul Capablanca, annotation by Capablanca

  1. 1. d4 Notes by J. R. Capablanca
  2. d5
  3. 2. c4
  4. e6
  5. 3. Nc3
  6. Nf6
  7. 4. Bg5
  8. Be7
  9. 5. e3
  10. O-O
  11. 6. Nf3
  12. Nbd7
  13. 7. Qc2
  14. c5
  15. 8. Rd1
  16. Qa5
  17. 9. Bd3
  18. h6
  19. 10. Bh4
  20. cxd4
  21. 11. exd4
  22. dxc4
  23. 12. Bxc4
  24. Nb6
  25. 13. Bb3
  26. Bd7
  27. 14. O-O The development is now complete. White has a lone d Pawn, but, on the otherhand, Black is somewhat hampered in the manoeuvering of his pieces.
  28. Rac8
  29. 15. Ne5
  30. Bb5 With this move and the following, Black brings about an exchange of pieces, which leaves him with a free game.
  31. 16. Rfe1
  32. Nbd5
  33. 17. Bxd5
  34. Nxd5
  35. 18. Bxe7
  36. Nxe7
  37. 19. Qb3
  38. Bc6 Not Ba6 because of Nd7, followed by Nc5.
  39. 20. Nxc6
  40. bxc6
  41. 21. Re5
  42. Qb6
  43. 22. Qc2
  44. Rfd8
  45. 23. Ne2 Probably White's first mistake. He wants to take a good defensive position, but he should instead have counter-attacked with Na4 and Rc5.
  46. Rd5
  47. 24. Rxd5
  48. cxd5 Black has now the open file and his left side Pawn position is very solid, while White has a weak d-Pawn. The apparently weak Black a Pawn is not actually weak because White has no way to attack it.
  49. 25. Qd2
  50. Nf5
  51. 26. b3 In order to free the Queen from the defense of the b-Pawn and also to prevent Rc4 at any stage.
  52. h5 In order to prevent g4 at a later stage. Also to make a demonstration on the king�s side, prepatory to further operations on the other side.
  53. 27. h3 Weak, but White wants to be ready to play g4.
  54. h4 To tie up White's King side. Later on it will be seen that White is compelled to play g4 and thus further weaken his game.
  55. 28. Qd3
  56. Rc6
  57. 29. Kf1
  58. g6
  59. 30. Qb1
  60. Qb4
  61. 31. Kg1 This was White's sealed move. It was not the best move, but it is doubtful if White has any good system of defense.
  62. a5
  63. 32. Qb2
  64. a4 Now Black exchanges the pawn and leaves White with a weak, isolated b-Pawn, which will fall sooner or later.
  65. 33. Qd2
  66. Qxd2
  67. 34. Rxd2
  68. axb3
  69. 35. axb3
  70. Rb6 In order to force Rd3 and thus prevent the White rook from supporting his b-Pawn by Rb2 later on. It means practically tying up the White rook to the defense of his two weak pawns.
  71. 36. Rd3
  72. Ra6
  73. 37. g4
  74. hxg3
  75. 38. fxg3
  76. Ra2
  77. 39. Nc3
  78. Rc2
  79. 40. Nd1 The alternative Na4, was not any better. White�s game is doomed.
  80. Ne7
  81. 41. Nc3
  82. Rc1+
  83. 42. Kf2
  84. Nc6
  85. 43. Nd1
  86. Rb1 Not Nb4 because of 44. Rd2 Rb1 45. Nb2 Rxb2 46.Rxb2 Nd3+ 47.Ke2 Nxb2 48.Kd2, and Black could not win.
  87. 44. Ke2 Not a mistake, but played deliberately. White had no way to protect his b-Pawn.
  88. Rxb3
  89. 45. Ke3
  90. Rb4
  91. 46. Nc3
  92. Ne7
  93. 47. Ne2
  94. Nf5+
  95. 48. Kf2
  96. g5
  97. 49. g4
  98. Nd6
  99. 50. Ng1
  100. Ne4+
  101. 51. Kf1
  102. Rb1+
  103. 52. Kg2
  104. Rb2+
  105. 53. Kf1
  106. Rf2+
  107. 54. Ke1
  108. Ra2 All these moves have a meaning. The student should carefully study them.
  109. 55. Kf1
  110. Kg7
  111. 56. Re3
  112. Kg6
  113. 57. Rd3
  114. f6
  115. 58. Re3
  116. Kf7
  117. 59. Rd3
  118. Ke7
  119. 60. Re3
  120. Kd6
  121. 61. Rd3
  122. Rf2+
  123. 62. Ke1
  124. Rg2
  125. 63. Kf1
  126. Ra2
  127. 64. Re3
  128. e5 This was my sealed move and unquestionably the best way to win.
  129. 65. Rd3 If 65.Ne2 Nd2+ 66.Kf2 e4 67.Rc3 Nf3 68.Ke3 Ne1 69.Kf2 Ng2. and White would be helpless. If 65.Nf3 Nd2+ exchanging knights wins.
  130. exd4
  131. 66. Rxd4
  132. Kc5
  133. 67. Rd1
  134. d4
  135. 68. Rc1+
  136. Kd5 There is nothing left. The Black pawn will advance and White will have to give up his Knight for it. This is the finest win of the match and probably took away from Dr. Lasker his last real hope of winning or drawing the match.

7. Mikhail Botvinnik – Milan Vidmar, annotation by Alekhine

  1. 1. c4 Notes by Alekhine
  2. e6
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. d5
  5. 3. d4
  6. Nf6
  7. 4. Nc3
  8. Be7
  9. 5. Bg5
  10. O-O
  11. 6. e3
  12. Nbd7
  13. 7. Bd3 The variations starting with 7 Rc1 have been so much analysed of recent years that the text-move, though it allows the immediate ...c5, offers better fighting chances.
  14. c5
  15. 8. O-O
  16. cxd4 As the Black pieces are not developed so as to attack the isolated d-pawn, the better policy here is the usual line 8...dxc4 9 Bxc4 a6 10 a4 Re8.
  17. 9. exd4
  18. dxc4
  19. 10. Bxc4
  20. Nb6
  21. 11. Bb3
  22. Bd7 The beginning of a risky plan, in view of White's prospects of a K side attack. The half-pinning of his king's knight, which seems so harmless at the moment, will in a few moves become extremely disagreeable for Black. It was wiser therefore to clear the situation at once by 11...Nfd5 without much danger in the near future.
  23. 12. Qd3 ! Intending, if 12...Nfd5; 13 Bc2.
  24. Nbd5
  25. 13. Ne5
  26. Bc6
  27. 14. Rad1
  28. Nb4 ? A second mistake, after which White's attack becomes tremendously strong. A lesser evil was ...Rc8 in order to answer 15 Qh3 with ...Nxc3 16 bxc3 Be4.
  29. 15. Qh3
  30. Bd5 This does not solve the problem of the defence, as White preserves his powerful king's bishop.
  31. 16. Nxd5
  32. Nbxd5
  33. 17. f4 !
  34. Rc8 Or ...g6 18 Bh6 Re8 19 g4, etc.
  35. 18. f5
  36. exf5
  37. 19. Rxf5
  38. Qd6 ? Losing immediately. The only move was ...Rc7, after which White would increase his pressure against f7 by 20 Rdf1 followed eventually by Qh4 with decisive advantage.
  39. 20. Nxf7 ! Simple and neat. Black cannot avoid serious material loss.
  40. Rxf7
  41. 21. Bxf6
  42. Bxf6
  43. 22. Rxd5 Much stronger than 22 Bxd5.
  44. Qc6 Or 22...Bxd4+ 23 Kh1.
  45. 23. Rd6
  46. Qe8
  47. 24. Rd7

6. Aron Nimzowitsch – Semion Alapin, annotation by Nimzowitsch

  1. 1. e4 Notes by Nimzowitsch except where noted.
  2. e6
  3. 2. d4
  4. d5
  5. 3. Nc3
  6. Nf6
  7. 4. exd5
  8. Nxd5 Surrender of the center
  9. 5. Nf3
  10. c5
  11. 6. Nxd5
  12. Qxd5
  13. 7. Be3 It was to be able to make this move, which combines development and attack (the threat is dxc5 winning a Pawn), that White exchanged Knights.
  14. cxd4 Disappearance of tempo spells loss of time.
  15. 8. Nxd4
  16. a6
  17. 9. Be2
  18. Qxg2 Stealing a Pawn. The consequences are grievous.
  19. 10. Bf3
  20. Qg6
  21. 11. Qd2
  22. e5
  23. 12. O-O-O
  24. Nc6
  25. 13. Bf6 Travels by express. Any other Bishop move could have been answered by a development move, whereas now there is no time for this; Black must take
  26. Qxf6
  27. 14. Rhe1 Play in the King and Queen files at the same time. The danger of a breakthrough is great.
  28. Be7
  29. 15. Bxc6+
  30. Kf8
  31. 16. Qd8
  32. Bxd8
  33. 17. Re8

5. Louis Paulsen – Paul Morphy, annotation by Chernev

  1. 1. e4
  2. e5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. Nc6
  5. 3. Nc3
  6. Nf6
  7. 4. Bb5
  8. Bc5
  9. 5. O-O
  10. O-O
  11. 6. Nxe5
  12. Re8
  13. 7. Nxc6
  14. dxc6
  15. 8. Bc4
  16. b5
  17. 9. Be2
  18. Nxe4
  19. 10. Nxe4
  20. Rxe4
  21. 11. Bf3
  22. Re6
  23. 12. c3
  24. Qd3
  25. 13. b4
  26. Bb6
  27. 14. a4
  28. bxa4
  29. 15. Qxa4
  30. Bd7
  31. 16. Ra2
  32. Rae8
  33. 17. Qa6 Morphy took twelve minutes over his next move, probably to assure himself that the combination was sound and that he had a forced win in every variation. -- Chernev
  34. Qxf3 !!
  35. 18. gxf3
  36. Rg6+
  37. 19. Kh1
  38. Bh3
  39. 20. Rd1 Not 20 Rg1 Rxg1+ 21 Kxg1 Re1+
  40. Bg2+
  41. 21. Kg1
  42. Bxf3+
  43. 22. Kf1
  44. Bg2+ The "quiet" 22...Rg2! would have won more quickly. Zukertort gives: 23.Qd3 Rxf2+ 24.Kg1 Rg2+ 25.Kh1 Rg1.
  45. 23. Kg1
  46. Bh3+
  47. 24. Kh1
  48. Bxf2
  49. 25. Qf1 Absolutely forced.
  50. Bxf1
  51. 26. Rxf1
  52. Re2
  53. 27. Ra1
  54. Rh6
  55. 28. d4
  56. Be3

4. Aron Nimzowitsch – Siegbert Tarrasch, annotation by Keene

  1. 1. d4 Notes by Raymond Keene. Here is a brilliant win by Tarrasch.
  2. d5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. c5
  5. 3. c4
  6. e6
  7. 4. e3
  8. Nf6
  9. 5. Bd3
  10. Nc6
  11. 6. O-O
  12. Bd6
  13. 7. b3
  14. O-O
  15. 8. Bb2
  16. b6
  17. 9. Nbd2
  18. Bb7
  19. 10. Rc1
  20. Qe7
  21. 11. cxd5 11 Qe2!?
  22. exd5
  23. 12. Nh4
  24. g6
  25. 13. Nhf3
  26. Rad8
  27. 14. dxc5
  28. bxc5
  29. 15. Bb5
  30. Ne4
  31. 16. Bxc6
  32. Bxc6
  33. 17. Qc2
  34. Nxd2
  35. 18. Nxd2 'The guardian of the king's field leaves his post for a moment, assuming wrongly that 19 Qc3 is a major threat' -- Tartakower. If 18 Qxd2 d4 19 exd4 Bxf3 20 gxf3 Qh4
  36. d4 !
  37. 19. exd4 19 Rfe1!
  38. Bxh2+
  39. 20. Kxh2
  40. Qh4+
  41. 21. Kg1
  42. Bxg2 !
  43. 22. f3 22 Kxg2 Qg4+ 23 Kh2 Rd5-+
  44. Rfe8
  45. 23. Ne4
  46. Qh1+
  47. 24. Kf2
  48. Bxf1
  49. 25. d5 25 Rxf1 Qh2+ or 25 Nf6+ Kf8 26 Nxe8 Qg2+
  50. f5
  51. 26. Qc3
  52. Qg2+
  53. 27. Ke3
  54. Rxe4#
  55. 28. fxe4
  56. f4+ 28...Qg3+!
  57. 29. Kxf4
  58. Rf8+
  59. 30. Ke5
  60. Qh2+
  61. 31. Ke6
  62. Re8+
  63. 32. Kd7
  64. Bb5#

3. Mikhail Tal – Bent Larsen, annotation by Damsky

  1. 1. e4
  2. c5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. Nc6
  5. 3. d4
  6. cxd4
  7. 4. Nxd4
  8. e6
  9. 5. Nc3
  10. d6
  11. 6. Be3
  12. Nf6
  13. 7. f4
  14. Be7
  15. 8. Qf3
  16. O-O
  17. 9. O-O-O
  18. Qc7
  19. 10. Ndb5
  20. Qb8
  21. 11. g4
  22. a6
  23. 12. Nd4
  24. Nxd4
  25. 13. Bxd4
  26. b5
  27. 14. g5
  28. Nd7
  29. 15. Bd3
  30. b4
  31. 16. Nd5 !
  32. exd5
  33. 17. exd5 The piece sacrifice is a positional one, since it has been used to erect an invisible barrier on the e-file. A number of squares on it (e5 and e6) are controlled by white pawns, and a white rook will soon be moved to e1. -- Iakov Damsky
  34. f5
  35. 18. Rde1
  36. Rf7
  37. 19. h4
  38. Bb7
  39. 20. Bxf5
  40. Rxf5
  41. 21. Rxe7
  42. Ne5
  43. 22. Qe4
  44. Qf8
  45. 23. fxe5
  46. Rf4
  47. 24. Qe3
  48. Rf3
  49. 25. Qe2
  50. Qxe7
  51. 26. Qxf3
  52. dxe5
  53. 27. Re1
  54. Rd8
  55. 28. Rxe5
  56. Qd6
  57. 29. Qf4 ! With this simple tactic 29 ...Bxd5 30. Re8+ White keeps his two extra pawns. The finish is straightforward. -- Damsky
  58. Rf8
  59. 30. Qe4
  60. b3
  61. 31. axb3
  62. Rf1+
  63. 32. Kd2
  64. Qb4+
  65. 33. c3
  66. Qd6
  67. 34. Bc5
  68. Qxc5
  69. 35. Re8+
  70. Rf8
  71. 36. Qe6+
  72. Kh8
  73. 37. Qf7

2. Donald Byrne vs Robert James Fischer, annotation by Wade

  1. 1. Nf3
  2. Nf6
  3. 2. c4
  4. g6
  5. 3. Nc3
  6. Bg7
  7. 4. d4
  8. O-O
  9. 5. Bf4
  10. d5
  11. 6. Qb3
  12. dxc4
  13. 7. Qxc4
  14. c6
  15. 8. e4
  16. Nbd7
  17. 9. Rd1
  18. Nb6
  19. 10. Qc5
  20. Bg4
  21. 11. Bg5 11. Be2 followed by 12 O-O would have been more prudent. The bishop move played allows a sudden crescendo of tactical points to be uncovered by Fischer. -- Wade
  22. Na4 !
  23. 12. Qa3 On 12. Nxa4 Nxe4 and White faces considerable difficulties.
  24. Nxc3 At first glance, one might think that this move only helps White create a stronger pawn center; however, Fischer's plan is quite the opposite. By eliminating the Knight on c3, it becomes possible to sacrifice the exchange via Nxe4 and smash White's center, while the King remains trapped in the center.
  25. 13. bxc3
  26. Nxe4 The natural continuation of Black's plan.
  27. 14. Bxe7
  28. Qb6
  29. 15. Bc4
  30. Nxc3
  31. 16. Bc5
  32. Rfe8+
  33. 17. Kf1
  34. Be6 !! If this is the game of the century, then 17...Be6!! must be the counter of the century. Fischer offers his queen in exchange for a fierce attack with his minor pieces. Declining this offer is not so easy: 18. Bxe6 leads to a 'Philidor Mate' (smothered mate) with ...Qb5+ 19. Kg1 Ne2+ 20. Kf1 Ng3+ 21. Kg1 Qf1+ 22. Rxf1 Ne2#. Other ways to decline the queen also run into trouble: e.g., 18. Qxc3 Qxc5
  35. 18. Bxb6
  36. Bxc4+
  37. 19. Kg1
  38. Ne2+
  39. 20. Kf1
  40. Nxd4+ This tactical scenario, where a king is repeatedly revealed to checks, is sometimes called a "windmill."
  41. 21. Kg1
  42. Ne2+
  43. 22. Kf1
  44. Nc3+
  45. 23. Kg1
  46. axb6
  47. 24. Qb4
  48. Ra4
  49. 25. Qxb6
  50. Nxd1
  51. 26. h3
  52. Rxa2
  53. 27. Kh2
  54. Nxf2
  55. 28. Re1
  56. Rxe1
  57. 29. Qd8+
  58. Bf8
  59. 30. Nxe1
  60. Bd5
  61. 31. Nf3
  62. Ne4
  63. 32. Qb8
  64. b5 Every piece and pawn of the black camp is defended. The white queen has nothing to do.
  65. 33. h4
  66. h5
  67. 34. Ne5
  68. Kg7
  69. 35. Kg1
  70. Bc5+
  71. 36. Kf1
  72. Ng3+ Now Byrne is hopelessly entangled in Fischer's mating net.
  73. 37. Ke1
  74. Bb4+
  75. 38. Kd1
  76. Bb3+
  77. 39. Kc1
  78. Ne2+
  79. 40. Kb1
  80. Nc3+
  81. 41. Kc1
  82. Rc2#

1. Georg Rotlewi vs Akiba Rubinstein, annotation by Schlechter

  1. 1. d4 Notes by Carl Schlechter and Dr. Savielly Tartakower.
  2. d5
  3. 2. Nf3
  4. e6
  5. 3. e3
  6. c5
  7. 4. c4
  8. Nc6
  9. 5. Nc3
  10. Nf6
  11. 6. dxc5 Tartakower: Less consistent than 6.a3 or 6.Bd3, maintaining as long as possible the tension in the center.
  12. Bxc5
  13. 7. a3
  14. a6
  15. 8. b4
  16. Bd6
  17. 9. Bb2
  18. O-O
  19. 10. Qd2 ? Schlechter: A very bad place for the queen. The best continuation is 10.cxd5 exd5 11.Be2, followed by O-O. * Tartakower: Loss of time. The queen will soon have to seek a better square (14.Qe2). The most useful move is 10.Qc2.
  20. Qe7 ! Schlechter: A fine sacrifice of a pawn. If 11.cxd5 exd5 12.Nxd5? Nxd5 13.Qxd5 Rd8! and Black has a strong attack.
  21. 11. Bd3 Schlechter: Better was 11.cxd5 exd5 12.Be2.
  22. dxc4
  23. 12. Bxc4
  24. b5
  25. 13. Bd3
  26. Rd8
  27. 14. Qe2
  28. Bb7
  29. 15. O-O
  30. Ne5 ! Schlechter: Introduced by Marshall and Schlechter in a similar position with opposite colors, but here with the extra move Rd8.
  31. 16. Nxe5
  32. Bxe5 Tartakower: Threatening to win a pawn by 17...Bxh2+ 18.Kxh2 Qd6+. White's next move provides against this, but loosens the kingside defenses.
  33. 17. f4
  34. Bc7
  35. 18. e4
  36. Rac8
  37. 19. e5
  38. Bb6+
  39. 20. Kh1
  40. Ng4 !
  41. 21. Be4 Schlechter: There is no defense; e.g., 21.Bxh7+ Kxh7 22.Qxg4 Rd2 etc.; or 21.h3 Qh4 22.Qxg4 Qxg4 23.hxg4 Rxd3, threatening ...Rh3 mate and ...Rxc3; or 21.Qxg4 Rxd3 22.Ne2 Rc2 23.Bc1 g6! threatening ...h5; or 21.Ne4 Qh4 22.h3 (if 22.g3 Qxh2+ 23.Qxh2 Nxh2 and wins.) 22....Rxd3 23.Qxd3 Bxe4 24.Qxe4 Qg3 25.hxg4 Qh4+ mate.
  42. Qh4
  43. 22. g3 Schlechter: Or 22.h3 Rxc3! 23.Bxc3 Bxe4 24.Qxg4 Qxg4 25.hxg4 Rd3 wins. * Tartakower: The alternative 22.h3, parrying the mate, would lead to the following brilliant lines of play: 22...Rxc3! (an eliminating sacrifice, getting rid of the knight, which overprotects the bishop on e4) 23.Bxc3 (or 23.Qxg4 Rxh3+ 24.Qxh3 Qxh3+ 25.gxh3 Bxe4+ 26.Kh2 Rd2+ 27.Kg3 Rg2+ 28.Kh4 Bd8+ 29.Kh5 Bg6+ mate) 23...Bxe4+ 24.Qxg4 (if 24.Qxe4 Qg3 25.hxg4 Qh4+ mate) 24...Qxg4 25.hxg4 Rd3 with the double threat of 26...Rh3+ mate and 26....Rxc3, and Black wins. Beautiful as are these variations, the continuation in the text is still more splendid.
  44. Rxc3 !!
  45. 23. gxh4
  46. Rd2 !!
  47. 24. Qxd2
  48. Bxe4+
  49. 25. Qg2
  50. Rh3 !

Credit goes to
thechessworld.com along with step by step moves
Chess 105
  • As you can probably tell, I have changed my mind about switching to another project. I have continued with chess, however, its a few minor and big changes. The first of these is that I am now playing chess with another person. I have played against Jude over 60 times this unit and charted each and every game. I also started to come up with a strategy in some of my games, which you can see on the annals of chess vs Jude page. I also created a document about chess tips which summarize hat I've learned. I allocate these tips into three different categories; beginning, intermediate and advanced. This helps to give me a deeper understanding of what I'm learning from the imitated perspective of others. But, what I have learned from this project is that one should never give up. There have been so many times that I was down a rook or a queen and managed to come back with a victory. One thought sticks with me froths project; never give up.

Chess 104

  • In this project, I have learned many chess tactics and techniques. I have discovered that opening my castle can be devestating and protecting the center is crucial to success in the game. Chess is a game of strength in the mind. One must stay focused at all times and never lose sight of what's important; the next moves. I have deviated my attention, many a time, from the game and thus, in such games, I rarely came-out victorious. I need to give my undivided attention to the game, never thinking about anything except chess. It appeared to me that thinking ahead is crucial, three or four moves ahead with at least one variation of what the opponent may do. Any thought that does not precipitate these principles should be ignored or crafted into one that does. Through my attempts at keeping these principles in mind, I also had failures. At times, I felt I wanted to develop a risky plan to try to attack the square adjacent the king, which assumed my opponent would make all the wrong moves. Despite the exceeding unlikelihood of my opponent making all the wrong moves, at times, I managed to eek out a victory. Albeit, tI typically had to create three or four different plans subsequent. though, most of the time this line of strategy led me to defeat. This was not an effective strategy. It did not focus on the most likely moves my opponent would make. Now, even following these basic principles, sometimes I would be wrong about my opponents' moves. In fact, reflecting upon it, I was wrong most of the time. I often had to create a new plan, a new strategy, time and time again. But, knowing that I did my best was all I needed as fuel for the next game. Chess is a never-ending journey of victory and of defeat. It was originally played with a die in about 400 BCE. One would move clay pieces a number of squares, corresponding with the number on the die. It has come a long way since then. One thing that hasn't changed is its ability to build ones mental strength, both in thought and in the acceptance of defeat. One will always lose. What really makes this game great is that every loss can bring one closer to success. Every mishap can tech one to be better. I will never forget the lessons I have learned from this game nor will I forget the principles I have been taught. For life is a constant journey, one of success and of defeat.
  • Green Screening

    • In this project, I learned how to use a Green Screen in iMovie. With the tools that iMovie supplies and a Green Screen, I have been able to show that I can go anywhere I dream... even mars. This illusion, mixed with fitting sound effects, has enabled me to unmask the true power of an instantanios transportation mechanism and show the effects of inter-climactic travel at its fastest. I showed how it would only take seconds for ones body to go from freezing cold to stiflingly hot and how hypothermic reactions and hallucinations can occur faster than you may think. Yes, an accurate model of such things is not something that silly video may have looked; but it is actually just a glimpse at what dangers such a device might bring. Only now revealed, coiled beneath comedy was a hypothesis; a prediction of the advancement of the world and dangers that may unravel thousands of years from now. Because if such a machine should go haywire, what would we do? (MASKED PREDICTION NOT IN BEHIND THE SCENES VIDEO; YOU WOULD DIE ON MARS OR THE MOON WITHOUT A SUIT)
Game Making Mania
    • In this project, I have discovered how to think outside of the box. With the new sprites and characters I have earned, the possibilities for the variety of games I can make are endless. I have come across many challenges. There have been times when I thought I may never succeed. But, if there's one thing I have learned from this project it is; when you believe the impossible becomes possible. When I changed my mental attitude, things started to go right for me. Things that seemed impossible before seemed easy now. I started to beat more and more games. With my new attitude, I can truly say that anything is possible.
  • Gamestar Mechanic
    • In this project, I have learned how to take one thing and transform it into something better. In Gamestar, I have taken the challenge 'Crazy Maze' and made a few of my own games from it. I decided to take core of the Challenge of beating that game and morph the outer layers of the project. I have tried my best to capture the exiting and additive section of the game. But, I also did my best to sprinkle some adventure and challenge. Check out my games Crazy Maze, Crazy Maze 2
  • Gamestar Mechanic
    • In this activity, I have discovered how to take one part of an activity and transform it to make something totally different. In Gamestar, I have taken the damage block challenge and made a few games with the Damage Block. I used the same material to make my game, as the challenge I played. Try my game The Damage Bergade.
    • I have worked on raising my cxp in Gamestar. To do this, I played games made by other people, doing the same thing as I. There were puzzles, comedy, and other games of various types. I noticed that most of them had a secret to winning the game. These secrets had to be figured out in order to beat the game. Realizing the various games people had in store for me, I decided to make a maze. Try my new game; LastGameof2015School
  • Chess
    • I have worked on learning the fundamentals of chess. When I started this project, all I did was play the computer. I would get defeated over and over again with no further knowledge about the game of chess other than I could not beat the computer. It got to the point where I knew I could never win and considered changing to a different project. But, when all hope seemed to be lost, a new idea came to mind. I would play the Solitaire Chess game on the iPad, which would teach me how to think about my chess moves before I made them and could communicate to me when I made a bad move. This new change drastically improved my confidence and gave me more experience and skill, which I could utilize to beat the computer. Try my video, Chipmunk Chess
  • Chess 102
    • I have been doing chess as my project for almost half a year. I will now twink my project slightly in an effort to make it more challenging. I will now be making tutorial videos on the chess games that I play. Now, not only will I be learning the game of chess, but I will learn about how to manage iMovie and access QuickTime Player on the Mac-book in order to create screen-casts and edit them. The edited versions of these videos will be posted to YouTube. This new project will not only further help me in the game of chess, but better my screen-casting and video-editing skills, equipping me as an experienced Tutorial maker.
Chess 102
  • I have been doing chess as my project for over year and half a year. My main objective was to play games against the computer and from those games, learn more about chess. I showcased my project by posting my favorite games I played and posting them to YouTube. I want to change my project so that it is easier to show what I have learned each week and so I will be able to present it in a more timely fashion. I will continue to learn about chess through playing chess games against the computer. However, in order to better my knowledge about chess so I can have more options about what to post to my project page, I will watch, "Lessons From an International Master” on Hoopla-digital on the desktop. This will teach me more about chess strategy and technique. With this new knowledge about the game of chess, I plan to post three tips I have learned about the strategies of chess each week to my project page. I will later showcase these tips in the make-show in June as one of the major learning experiences in Thinkering this year.

Chess 103

  • I have been working on this project for some time. I have been continually prodded to think what I can do to improve my chess game. I have learned so many things. I started knowing nothing and expanded on my knowledge so that I have been lead to success. I still have problems unsolved and objectives unmet, so I will keep pushing forward. I will follow the information I learned on Hoopla Digital and use it to help me win my chess games against the computer. I will continue to play chess on the mac, using QuickTime as my recorder and I will post my best videos to YouTube. I will watch the next season of "Lessons From an International Master" and take its advice. I will have a project I can showcase\
  • Golf sfsdn cnsxancfj
    • In this project, I will be teaching the basic skills of golf. I will be using iMovie to refine my videos and make them optimal by smoothing transitions, adjusting color and adding titles. I will watch the videos in lesson 5 of iMovie training (version 10.1.1 essential). These videos will teach me what I need to do to make my videos top-notch.
Chess 104
  • This is the second and final year of my chess project and I am going to be doing something different this time around. I plan to research chess strategy on Lynda.com and learn about various tricks and strategies I can use to improve my chess game. I will then compete with the AI computer as it plays in accordance with my chess moves, on various levels of difficulty. I will see how this new-found knowledge about the game affects how I play. On the production side of my project, I will derive tips from these chess games. I will be posting these tips for chess players of different skill levels, showcase these tips on my project page and have tips that appeal to varying types of chess players; those that appeal to people just beginning the game of chess, those that appeal to people who are at the intermediate level and those that appeal to people who look at chess from a more sophisticated standpoint.
Chess 105
  • This is my third year of my chess project. This is even more likely my final year of my chess project. This year I have been thinking of tips that I learn from a chess book. I use this knowledge to both play my chess game and (later) to teach others. As I have been doing this project for some time now, I have become familiar with many chess techniques. Therefore and so forth, I have the ability to beat the computer at a variety of different levels. I will compensate for this by playing the computer at a higher level. I will raise all the beginner tips to those of an intermediate player and all my tips for the intermediate, tot hose of an advanced player. I will then recall basics I read from the book, or recalled from prior knowledge, to relay tips for beginners.

Top Reflections 2016-2017:

  • I showed resilience when... I was playing a chess game against Jude. With my rook, I moved into range of my opponent's bishop. I was losing by a mile. But, I didn't give up. I kept going and eventually won the chess game. I feel like that attitude has led to all the greatest discoveries of all time. Thomas Edison would have never invented the lightbulb, after failing10,000 times, if he didn't have resilience, nor would Madam Currie have succeed in discovering Radon; persevering despite losing her husband due to an experiment. I say that attitude is what enables success. Learning is done when mistakes are looked at as opportunities for success, instead of failurure themselves. That is the key to learning itself. It is the only way to learn from your mistakes.
    • I picked this reflection because it embodies a very important principal; to never give up hope. Every successful person has always had to persevere in order to lead them to success. If one does not persevere, one cannot succeed. No one has ever succeeded without failure. On the contrary, failure should be used as a recipe for success. As I mentioned in the above reflection, Edison failed 1,000 times when trying to get the correct filament or his incandescent lightbulb. When asked what he thought about these many failures, he replied, "I haven't failed. I've just found 1,000 ways that won't work."

  • This week I had a breakthrough when ... I beat a level that I had been working for a long time to complete. At first, I started to set down over 600 shooting blocks. But, later I learned that I only had to set down a few shooting blocks in every corner of the game. In the very end, I learned that I actually only needed to set down about one block in every corner. I only did this only when I believed in myself.
    • I picked this reflection because it reflects back on what I have learned in this project. It reminds me of what I was thinking when I wrote that. I did not really beat the level until I believed that I would beat it. After all, Henry Ford once said that your internal beliefs control your destiny. Truly, it is one of the greatest realities of life. Whenever I look back at this reflection, it reminds me that the key to success to believe you will succeed.
  • I had hard fun, because I worked really hard on a level, that I could not beat for the longest time. But, as I realized, the work paid off and the feeling of completion that I felt afterword's was more than worth it. I noticed that the greatest joys in life are the ones we really work for. It's just the philosophy Tiger's Peanuts has; if you work for it, you'll enjoy it more.
    • I picked this reflection because success is not the end result of the effort you put into it but, more rather, the enjoyment of the journey that you injure. I once memorized a presentation and one of my favorite lines was "Yes, we climbed the mountain! We did it! We're at the top! Two seconds later one guy said to the other 'Okay, let's go down'. You see, life is merely about the experiences that you come across on the road to achievement, not what you get in the end. I guess the greatest form of success is the enjoyment of trying to achieve.
  • I was efficient because ... I figured a way to create a wall. At first, I made hills and experimented with that because I knew that walls had to have depth. And I knew that hills were not walls so I became somewhat puzzled. I started to hold my curser and create depth in different areas. Suddenly, I realized that if I held my curser just beyond the reaches of the hill I had created, I would make walls! In the end, I learned that reason can lead to solutions.
    • I picked this reflection because it shows that I looked at the problem from different angles before jumping to conclusions. It shows that I didn't give up when the solution was not apparent; because to every equation, there's an answer. To every problem, there's a solution. Reason and logic are the way to solve problems and I discovered that I shouldn't give up until I've looked at the problem through every possible angle.
  • One example of FAILure was when I was playing a chess game against Jude. I had diminished his army down to only a queen and a King. I had still in my army, a queen, king, rook, bishop and four pawns The game was in the bag. I tried to check Jude continuously, but I needed to make a positional move first in order to put me in n appropriate position to do so. I made a move the would enable mate in three... if he did't attack. For him, it was a back-rank mate. He moved his queen to the farthest-back rank and mated me in one. I should have made sure m position was secure before strengthening my attack. I forgot to protect before my pounce. I learned that learning is really about using what you learned to change results, not just taking things out of context. That's only for debate.
    • I choose this reflection because it reflects one of the most important things I learned this quarter; failure is what leads to success. Failure should not be looked at as set back, but rather as a learning opportunity. It is what was certainly felt by Thomas Edison, when he had tried over 10,000 filaments for the incandescent lightbulb and he went out seeking investors. They told him, "You have no results and nothing but ten thousand failed attempts at finding the filament and you expect us to invest in your idea?" He replied, "I haven't failed 10,000; I've found 10,000 ways that don't work." I think this is the mindset that is essential for every individual, because everyone is going to fail. What counts is how you take it. That's why I picked this reflection. It reflects those principles, about learning from defeat and viewing them as successes.
  • I got further than I had planned because... I created not only a Kodu, but also a castle that could change its hue depending on the background color. I originally was going to invest the bulk of my time into making a Kodu and improving the wall. But, after I finished, I decided to create a bunch of castles. Soon I came to sudden realization that if I change the time to night and the venue to mars, the castles could transform into an object of pink and black pigment.
  • I have changed my plan... in response to the challenges I have faced. I was playing chess and I did not come close to beating the computer. Therefore, I reasoned that if I switched my plan to do something that may help me with my chess game, I may later be able to beat the computer. I worked on the iPad and did Solitaire chess, which forced me to think about my moves and told me what I did wrong. In the end, I learned that teaching tools have a more profound impact on developing my skills than computerized people, who do not tell me what I do wrong.
    • I picked this reflection because it represents what I did with this project throughout the entire time I pursued the project. It highlights the key change I made, which positively improved my thinking about this project and about my learning. This reflection tells the greatest lesson I learned through doing this chess project. That is that when I full-heatedly pursue a project at which I want to succeed, that's one thing. But, when I can test possible solutions to certain predicaments and can be told what I am doing wrong, that's how I learn. They say you learn from your mistakes, but I ponder how when you don't know what you have done wrong.
  • One way I showed resilience was ... when I was playing in a chess game. I was losing. My opponent's troops were attacking , breaking into my main-wall barrier. It was getting its troops into an organized fashion, backing up the troops that already confined most of my own. I knew that if I sat still for long, I would be doomed. With what few active troops I had, I did the best I could to go into the back row of my opponent. I put everything I had into an organized attack on the weakest part of my opponent's back row. Once my opponent moved-out its queen, my two troops stormed in and I had it checkmated within two moves. From this experience, I learned that no matter how many things are going wrong; no matter how bad things may seem, there is always hope. With learning in general, hope is the driving factor in the successes in Mankind. Thomas Edison went almost bankrupt trying to discover the perfect filament for a lamp. He failed over 10,000 times. Do you think he would have been able to succeed if he didn't have hope that he would? Similarly, Madam Curie almost died and lost her own husband trying to discover radon. Do you think she would have kept going if she didn't have hope? As such, hope is the determining factor in success, as it determines how we view failure and helps us use it to lead us to success.
    • I picked this reflection because it embodies the very soul of the human spirit. It embodies that ever-lasting belief that anything is possible; that no bad things may seem; no matter how surely it seems failure will come, success will follow; success is always possible. When the American Colonists;a ragtag army of voluntary militia;fought the British; an army ten times their size and soldiers who had trained their entire life; do you think they could have won without that ever-lasting belief, without hope? When America fought the the German army;the mightiest army in the world; with millions of professional soldiers; with over ten times the number of battle ships; do you think we could have won without hope? As such, it is that hope; that ever-burning fire at the core of our being that drives us; that makes us who we are. It is that sense of hope that pushes the human race forward. It is this very belief that embodies the soul of the human spirit. It represents humanity as a whole. This is what is shown in the above reflection; this is why it picked it to be one of my greatest reflections of the year.
  • || One example of a FAILure I had was ... when I was playing a chess game against the computer and I lost time and time again. I lost in 15 moves... 20 moves... 12 moves. I couldn't understand why I was losing. I had watched the next video and tried to incorporate all knowledge about that video into my chess game. Then, it hit me; I needed to pressure the castle. The video had been talking about pressuring the king and its surrounding areas, but I needed to pressure the far right side of the bard. With an acute sense of intuition, I immediately jumped fifteen moves ahead and anticipated the computer's castle. In order to foster this, I acted like everything was normal, advancing my knights... then my bishops. Then, I made my move; my queen to the far right and my knight guarding the far right side of my opponent's soon-to-be castle. Black castled. I made my move; queen to h8; Checkmate!! This taught me that learning isn't always about incorporation of knowledge, but about incorporating your failures and experiences to build on that knowledge. That is what can lead you to success. ||
    • I picked the reflection because I feel that recognizing failure is the greatest key to creating success. I believe that the mindset that I have while failing and reflecting on that failure, determines if I''ll ever have success. When I failed, I immeadiately turned it into a learning opportunity. I acted on this newfound knolage,not only as an aspect of process of elimination, but a way of thinking about other possible outcomes. I utilized this failure to hep me derive solutions to my problems. Like Thomas Edison once said, "I didn't fail 100 times; I found 100 ways how not to succeed."
  • One way I used resourcefulness... was when I was playing against the computer. I was constantly losing. I found that if I changed the settings at the start of the game, I could see the computer play against itself. Applying that setting, I watched the techniques the computers used when competing against each-other and noted them to mind. I then attempted to apply those same strategies to my own game. When I did so, I found that it was easier to play when thinking about techniques I could use to win. I learned that learning best takes place when one applies past material to the present.
    • I picked this reflection because it embodies the soul purpose of resourcesfulness. It is not to bring you to your end goal, but rather, to help you get there. It is to give you advice that is not a statement, but to give something that leads to an idea. That is what this reflection shows. It shows that applying the advice a resource gives can be more beneficial than if you didn't have to think to get there.

    • I propose that I will learn about Gamestar Mechanic. I hope to make a few of my own games and see what other people have designed. I may even play pre-invented games to upgrade my knowledge as a game designer.
  • Proposal
    • I hope to complete the premium pack of Gamestar Mechanic. Then, I can create new games from the different sprites that I earn. With these new sprites, I hope to create new games unique among themselves. The possibilities, I feel, are vast.

  • Proposal
    • Despite the old saying, "Stick to what you're good at", I have decided (more less under my own will) to attempt a different project. In my case, it is Kodu. I hope to create an ocean on mars, so deep you cannot even see the bottom. It may be difficult, fore my progress continually decides to delete itself but, nothing is impossible
  • Proposal
    • I am switching to a project in which I am interested; Chess. And, although I am a beginner in this field, I do know a few things about the game including; the moves of all of the pieces, the castle, en pasant and a variation of moves for use in the beginning game. I hope to learn more about the game and the techniques of which I have to have knowledge in order to improve. First, I will start using spark chess and then I will switch to the Macintosh's built-in chess.
  • Proposal
    • Over the course of this project, I hope to develop tutorial videos on the Macintosh about how to play chess. I intend to show how to move the various pieces on the board. I want to use audio to dictate my moves and tell how they would give me the advantage over the course of the game. I intend to explain some of my own basic strategies of my own creation that can help give me the advantage and I eventually want to get into planning an attack undetected.

Top Reflections 2015-2017:
  • One way made my own skills from what I previously learned was... when I was watching videos on Lyndia.com. I saw that I was not creating the Green Screen effect correctly. I watched the videos again for insight. I learned that learning isn't just about seeing something once, but doing it again and again until you grasp it. That helps

    • I picked this reflection because it really embodies the overall effect of going back and reviewing information you already learned. Proactive learning can lead to you forgetting a world of knowledge. But, when you review those things, they become stronger in your mind, like a piece of skin when a callas forms.
  • I have found out that it is important to go for something big,even when you know that it is going to be hard to make it there. Because, when you try for something huge, even if you don't make your goal, you are still doing a great job! I think that this is a very important line to go by in life.
    • In golf, if I didn't go for winning the Missouri tournament, I probably would not of finished third and made the world championship last year! If I didn't go for winning the world championship when I was 7, I probably wouldn't of finished 74th. I think that going for something big, promotes me to do my best.
  • I think that I have learned how to stay on task. I realize that I need to keep making games to really enjoy myself. I have experienced so many situations where I didn't meet my goal because I made it huge. These situations forced me to keep trying and trying to meet my goal. If I made a smaller goal, I don't think I would be pushed as much.
    • This is a very important line. I have had to stay on task so many times in my life. In golf, in school and all the greats of the greats have had to be focused. They would not have a chance to do what they had done without staying on task. I never sink a put without being focused. I can never complete an assignment when I'm goofing off!
Top Critiques:

  • Top Critiques: Make more games
    • This is the top critique I have given because I know, from experience, that the more there is, the better. Having more games gives more experience. In golf, I have gotten better from playing more. Although, they say the goal in golf is to play as little golf as possible. In tennis, I started to win tournaments because I went to the tennis court with my dad every single night. In baseball, I became the best hitter on my team because, and only because I practiced. And so, the key to success is to do more of what you do and you shall succeed.
  • Top Critiques: make another underground lair
    • I picked this critique because more is satisfying. It's just our human nature. We've always wanted to improve or way of life; to fix this and that; it's what makes us who we are. And I think that his world would satisfy him. It would add more; something more to admire; to look back on. I want him to be able to say "man, I'm glad I did that. I'm glad I improved my minecraft world by adding- adding addition." I want him to be able to innovate what he already possess- I want him to add.

Top Critiques 2017-2018:

  • I think you are doing a really great job in creating your soundtracks. However, if your speed does not disrupt the efficiency of the songs you are creating, you could make songs at a faster rate. To do this, you could view the previous songs you made and make slight changes to them. In the process, you could make new songs at a faster rate.
    • I picked this critique because the re-make inventions have been perhaps the best in all of mankind. You may not know who made the first automobile. But, Henry Ford, who improved on its design, is worldly famous. You may not know who made some of the America's first music. But, Michael Jackson, who attempted to improve upon that music is one of the most well-known people ever and remains so even after his death. By putting-in less effort to create entirely new things, people have become more famous and made more money by making things that were already invented.
  • You could consider attempting to find your den. One step you could take is to search through the various areas, trying to pinpoint it. If you take it one land at a time, you'll be more likely to find it.
    • I picked this critique, because I believe finding your home is important. Evan got lost and couldn't find his home and suggested he try to find it. It is your home in which you can seek shelter. It is your home in which you can hide from the dangers outside. Thousands of years ago, cavemen would go back to their home every single solitary night or they would die at the mercy of deadly beasts. Evan's game was much like this scenario.
  • I would consider saying how much Agar Agar you use for your next video
    • I picked this reflection because it shows that one small change can make a world of difference. In the recipe, the product was faulty because of just one mistake. In golf, if you are off by even a tenth of a second on your wrist turn, your ball slices 50 yards into the woods. This is true in almost everything in life. Watching out for small mistakes can make a big difference.
  • I have never seen the likes of such a project and I've had to think pretty hard to find something I can suggest. You could put ads onto he project, as a way to forward them to retailers selling different products.
    • I chose this reflection because one of the greatest joys of life is seeing ads race across your scree. Have you ever seen your favorite ad pop on screen? Some may find them annoying, but they are how we find out about the majority of our beloved products. Without them, we would be playing with sticks and stones, like cavemen. Spreading these to the world can be a blessing, to both the sellers and buyers and the betterment of humankind itself.
  • This is a wonderful project. Your store is great and offers a user-friendly interface that I can't help but enjoy. To add to this professional feel, you could consider adding a tab in your website where others can recommend shoe brands that you don't already feature.
    • I picked this reflection because it capitalizes on a desire for more. Humans naturally have always been wanting more. It is why we would wander from continent to continent, always striding to go over the ocean or the next prairie. It is what led Columbus to discover the Bahamas. Jaren could allow people to choose what shoe they wanted, making the selection almost infinite, that way it makes people feel like their in charge and that makes a difference.

All Projects: